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MD Anaesthesia 2020 - Curriculum, Preparation, Scope and Salary

MD Anaesthesia is a 3-year postgraduate degree in medicine. The eligibility is MBBS degree from MCI recognized institute with minimum qualified marks as required.

Selection of eligible candidates is based on the rank obtained in the national level entrance National Eligibility cum Entrance Test Post Graduate (NEET-PG). AIIMS conducts its own entrance examination and selection is based on the obtained merit. The average tuition fee in India for MD Anaesthesia course ranges around INR 25 lakhs for private institutes, however, it is as low as INR 5K for AIIMS.


MD Anaesthesia refers to the practice of administering medications either by injection or by inhalation that will induce a temporary state of loss of sensation or awareness, thus blocking operative pain and suffering.

Anaesthesia includes analgesia (relief or prevention from pain), paralysis (muscle relaxation), amnesia (memory loss), or unconsciousness. Generally, a patient is anesthetized to perform painless medical procedures (surgery or dentistry) that would otherwise cause severe or intolerable pain.

Anaesthetists are qualified doctors who hold an MBBS and MD degree in medicine and have at least 2 years of work experience in medical practice.


The Top Institutes offering MD Anaesthesia in India are:

  • Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Ajmer

  • Government Medical College, Kozikhode

  • GSVM Medical College, Kanpur

  • Christian Medical College, Vellore


MD Anaesthesia: Course Highlights

Listed here are the major highlights of the course.



What is MD Anaesthesia?


The course trains candidates in:


  • developing diagnostic skills and becoming efficient in laboratory procedures relevant to the diagnosis and evaluation of patients.

  • demonstrating skills in ethical, medical, and legal aspects related to the practice of anesthesiology, besides critical care.

  • developing competency in managing critically ill patients in emergency and Intensive Care Units (ICU) requiring routine to advanced monitoring, mechanical ventilation and other procedures.

  • managing administration of Anaesthesia to patients of all ages keeping the risk factor in mind and all types of surgical subspecialties, both for elective and emergency procedures.

  • administering drugs that reduce or eliminate chronic pain that a patient might undergo during surgical procedures.


The broad categories under Anaesthesia are:


  • General Anaesthesia– This is a state of controlled and complete unconsciousness, where the patient has no memory of the procedure and feels nothing. It includes all major operations related to brain or lungs or heart or abdomen or major arteries.

  • Regional Anaesthesia– When local Anaesthesia is injected near to the nerves and the particular area of the body becomes numb.

  • Local Anaesthesia– It numbs a small part of the body. Common examples include removal of teeth or mild eye operation.

  • Sedation– It involves using less amounts of Anaesthesia to create a ‘sleep-like’ state, thus leaving the patient physically and mentally awake, but not unconscious.


The procedure of administering Anaesthesia is applicable to all surgical specialties including General Surgery, Orthopedics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Otolaryngology, Maxillofacial Surgery, Pediatric, Plastic, Neuro and Cardiac Surgery.


MD Anaesthesia: Course Duration


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The duration of MD Anaesthesia is three years, divided over six academic terms. The three years of study include both theory and practical elements.

The duration of the course is 2 years for those who have completed a recognised postgraduate diploma in the same speciality.


Eligibility for MD Anaesthesia


The candidates need to have obtained MBBS degree from an institution recognised by the Medical Council of India (MCI) and completed one year of compulsory internship after passing the final professional examination which is MBBS before the month of April of the relevant academic year.


MD Anaesthesia: Admission Process


Admission to MD Anaesthesia is based on the candidate’s performance in the national level entrance examination National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test (NEET) PG which is a single window entrance examination to MD/MS/PG diploma courses in Medicine.

NATIONAL ELIGIBILITY CUM ENTRANCE TEST (NEET) PG – NEET PG is an eligibility-cum-ranking examination, conducted by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), for admission to MS/MD and PG Diploma courses in India at medical/dental colleges approved by the Medical Council of India/ Dental Council of India. NEET-PG is a single window entrance examination for entry to MD/MS/Post Diploma courses.

Some institutes such as AIIMS and CMC Vellore conduct their own entrance examinations and select students based on performance in such exams. However, some institutes also provide admission on the basis of marks obtained in MBBS and work/internship experience of the candidates.


MD Anaesthesia: Syllabus and Course Structure


The major components of the course curriculum.


Subjects of Study

Applied Anatomy, Applied Physiology, Muscle Function, Cardiovascular Physiology, Kidney and Body Fluids, Nervous System, Endocrinology, Applied Clinical Pharmacology, Obstetrics and Pediatrics, General Anaesthesia, Regional Anaesthesia, Control of acute pain, Neurosurgery and management of head injuries, Cardiovascular Surgery, General Anaesthesia. Anaesthesia for specialties, Anaesthesia in Remote Areas, Cardiac Anaesthesia, Thoracic Anaesthesia, Neurosurgical Anaesthesia, Intensive Care Medicine, Pain Management.


Students pursuing the course are needed to carry out an assigned research project under the guidance of a recognized postgraduate teacher, the result of which is submitted in the form of a thesis submitted at least six months before the theoretical and clinical/ practical examination.


MD Anaesthesia: Career Prospects


Qualified postgraduates of the course often work as Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNA), as advanced practice nurses working in hospitals and clinics. Upon successful completion of the course, postgraduates are offered an average monthly salary ranging between INR 40,000 and 1,00,000. Such professionals are hired in government and private hospitals and clinics, academic institutions, private clinics and nursing homes etc.



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